Pekerja Migran Indonesia dan Potensi Masalah Keluarga yang Ditinggalkan (Family Left-Behind)

Suryadi Suryadi(1*), Kasturi Kasturi(2), Yusmanto Yusmanto(3),


(1) IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon
(2) IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon
(3) UPI Bandung
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study aims to determine the potential problems of families left by Indonesian migrant workers. The method used is a literature review as a guide for finding research articles obtained from the internet using the Science Direct, Google Scholar, and Researchgate sites. Details of the article eligibility search strategy
using the PRISMA format (Identification, Screening, Eligibility, Included). Results From the analysis of 10 selected research articles, it shows that the potential problems that can arise as a result of families becoming migrants are: (1) capital management/remittances from work abroad which tend to be used for consumptive purposes; (2) increasing cases of rift in household relations, such as increasing infidelity, even leading to increased divorce and neglect of children; (3) problems with their children's development. Children of migrant workers who are left behind usually have problems in parenting. This can be avoided by implementing four aspects of PMI's family efforts in maintaining family integration, which are a manifestation of the conditions for the family system to run, namely: 1) Continuity of action in changing the division of labor represents adaptation. 2) Cooperation in achieving goals for the decision to become PMI represents goal attainment. 3) Coordination between husband and wife when problems arise represents integration. 4) The suitability of husband and wife actions with a set of values and norms in maintaining family integration represents a latent pattern of maintenance.


Keywords


Indonesian Migrant Workers; Family Problems; Family Left-Behind

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdul-Rahman, H., Wang, C., Wood, L. C., & Low, S. F. (2012). Negative impact induced by foreign workers: Evidence in Malaysian construction sector. Habitat International, 36(4), 433–443. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2012.03.002

Allen, F. H. (2013). Psychotherapy with Children. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315008912

Antman, F. M. (2013). The impact of migration on family left behind. In International Handbook on the Economics of Migration (pp. 293–308). https://doi.org/10.4337/9781782546078.00025

Botezat, A., & Pfeiffer, F. (2020). The impact of parental labour migration on left‐behind children’s educational and psychosocial outcomes: Evidence from Romania. Population, Space and Place, 26(2). https://doi.org/10.1002/psp.2277

Démurger, S., & Xu, H. (2015). Left-behind children and return migration in China. IZA Journal of Migration, 4(1), 10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40176-015-0035-x

Graham, E., & Jordan, L. P. (2011). Migrant Parents and the Psychological Well-Being of Left-Behind Children in Southeast Asia. Journal of Marriage and Family, 73(4), 763–787. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2011.00844.x

Graham, E., Jordan, L. P., Yeoh, B. S. A., Lam, T., Asis, M., & Su-Kamdi. (2012). Transnational Families and the Family Nexus: Perspectives of Indonesian and Filipino Children Left behind by Migrant Parent(s). Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space, 44(4), 793–815. https://doi.org/10.1068/a4445

Griffiths, S. M., Dong, D., & Chung, R. Y. (2018). Forgotten needs of children left behind by migration. The Lancet, 392(10164), 2518–2519. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)33004-6

Gurning, R. N., & Sari, R. P. (2020). LITERATURE REVIEW PENINGKATAN KUALITAS TIDUR LANSIA MELALUI RELAKSASI OTOT PROGRESIF. Syntax Idea.

Hakim, D. A., & Havez, M. (2020). POLITIK HUKUM PERLINDUNGAN PEKERJA MIGRAN INDONESIA DALAM PERSPEKTIF FIKIH SIYASAH DUSTURIYAH. TANJUNGPURA LAW JOURNAL, 4(2), 95. https://doi.org/10.26418/tlj.v4i2.41913

Hassan, M. H., & Jebin, L. (2020). Impact of Migrants’ Remittance on the “Left-Behind Wives”: Evidence from Rural Bangladesh. The Journal of Developing Areas, 54(2). https://doi.org/10.1353/jda.2020.0020

Hatzigeorgiou, A., & Lodefalk, M. (2016). Migrants’ Influence on Firm-level Exports. Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, 16(4), 477–497. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10842-015-0215-7

Jacka, T. (2014). Rural Women in Urban China: Gender, Migration, and Social Change. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315701028

Kangasniemi, M., Mas, M., Robinson, C., & Serrano, L. (2012). The economic impact of migration: productivity analysis for Spain and the UK. Journal of Productivity Analysis, 38(3), 333–343. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11123-012-0280-4

Kaur, A. (2010). Labour migration in Southeast Asia: migration policies, labour exploitation and regulation. Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, 15(1), 6–19. https://doi.org/10.1080/13547860903488195

Khan, M. I., & Valatheeswaran C. (2016). International Migration, Remittances and Labour Force Participation of Left-behind Family Members: A Study of Kerala. Margin: The Journal of Applied Economic Research, 10(1), 86–118. https://doi.org/10.1177/0973801015612669

Lam, T., & Yeoh, B. S. A. (2018). Migrant mothers, left-behind fathers: the negotiation of gender subjectivities in Indonesia and the Philippines. Gender, Place & Culture, 25(1), 104–117. https://doi.org/10.1080/0966369X.2016.1249349

Maksum, A., Tsay, C., & Muhammad, A. (2021). Indonesian Migrant Workers in Taiwan: The State Dilemma and People’s Realities. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik, 24(1), 80. https://doi.org/10.22146/jsp.51303

Meiprianti, R., Yunindyawati, & Soraida, S. (2019). FENOMENA PASANGAN SUAMI-ISTRI TENAGA KERJA INDONESIA (TKI) DALAM MENJAGA KEUTUHAN KELUARGA (STUDI PADA TKI DI KECAMATAN TELUK GELAM KABUPATEN OKI). Sriwijaya University.

Mucci, N., Traversini, V., Giorgi, G., Tommasi, E., De Sio, S., & Arcangeli, G. (2019). Migrant Workers and Psychological Health: A Systematic Review. Sustainability, 12(1), 120. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010120

Nuradho, A. (2018). PENEMPATAN PEKERJA MIGRAN INDONESIA DI LUAR NEGERI YANG DILAKUKAN OLEH PERSEORANGAN SEBAGAI BENTUK TINDAK PIDANA PERDAGANGAN ORANG DIHUBUNGKAN DENGAN UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 18 TAHUN 2017 TENTANG PELINDUNGAN PEKERJA MIGRAN INDONESIA JUNCTO UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR. Universitas Pasundan.

Nurhidayati, T., Rahayu, D. A., & Mubin, M. F. (2016). Family Roles in Parenting of International Migrant Workers. PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL.

Rovetta Cortes, A. I. (2016). My decision had already been taken: Narratives of migrant parents about “return” policies. Migration Letters, 13(3), 393–402. https://doi.org/10.33182/ml.v13i3.291

Sholihah, H. (2018). Perbandingan Hak-Hak Anak Menurut Undang-Undang Nomor 23 Tahun 2002 Tentang Perlindungan Anak Dan Hukum Islam. Al-Afkar, Journal For Islamic Studies, 1(2), 88–112.

Soekanto, S. (2007). Pengantar Penelitian Hukum. Universitas Indonesia.

Spitzer, D. L. (2016). Return Migrant Entrepreneurship and the Migration and Development Agenda: A Focus on Filipino and Indonesian Migrant Workers. Migration, Mobility, & Displacement, 2(2), 24. https://doi.org/10.18357/mmd22201615311

Suryadi, S. (2017). Perlindungan Anak Buruh Migran di Kabupaten Cirebon (Analisis Terhadap Konsep Dampak Anak yang Ditinggalkan). Empower: Jurnal Pengembangan Masyarakat Islam, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.24235/empower.v2i1.1647

Syarif, S. A. (2018). POLA PENGASUHAN DAN PEMENUHAN HAK DASAR ANAK BURUH MIGRAN PEREMPUAN. Al-MAIYYAH : Media Transformasi Gender Dalam Paradigma Sosial Keagamaan, 11(2), 342–361. https://doi.org/10.35905/almaiyyah.v11i2.662

Syawaludin, M. (2014). Alasan Talcott Parsons Tentang Pentingnya Pendidikan Kultur. Ijtimaiyya, 7(1), 919–928.

Undang-Undang Nomer 4 Tahun 1979 tentang Kesejahteraan Anak. (n.d.).

Undang-Undang Nomor 39 Tahun 2004 tentang Penempatan dan Perlindungan Tenaga Kerja Indonesia di Luar Negeri. (n.d.).

Utamidewi, W., Mulyana, D., & Rizal, E. (2017). PENGALAMAN KOMUNIKASI KELUARGA PADA MANTAN BURUH MIGRAN PEREMPUAN. Jurnal Kajian Komunikasi, 5(1), 69. https://doi.org/10.24198/jkk.v5i1.7901

Wulan, T. ., Shodiq, D., Wijayanti, S., Lestari, D. W. ., Hapsari, A. ., Wahyuningsih, E., & Restuadhi, H. (2018). Ayah Tangguh, Keluarga Utuh : Pola Asuh Ayah pada Keluarga Buruh Migran Perempuan di Kabupaten Banyumas. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga Dan Konsumen, 11(2), 84–95. https://doi.org/10.24156/jikk.2018.11.2.84

Yunistiati, F., Djalali, M. A., Djalali, M. A., Djalali, M. A., Farid, M., Farid, M., & Farid, M. (2014). Keharmonisan Keluarga, Konsep Diri dan Interaksi Sosial Remaja. Persona:Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia, 3(01). https://doi.org/10.30996/persona.v3i01.371

Zopiatul, F. (2021). POLA ASUH ANAK KELUARGA BURUH MIGRAN DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP PERILAKU PRESTATIF DI DESA TEMBENG PUTIK. Universitas Mataram.




DOI: 10.24235/empower.v7i1.10408

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Empower: Jurnal Pengembangan Masyarakat Islam

Index List:

     

 

 

 

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.