Asep Mulyani(1*),

(*) Corresponding Author


The aim of this research to know the effect of multimedia-tutorial to improve student’s critical thinking skills in human nervous system concept. This research was carried out by using quasi experimental method. The student of eleventh class at a senior high school in Garut were chosen as the subject of this research. One group of students was  given multimedia-tutorial and another one was given conventional instruction, were compared in term of their critical thinking skills. Data were collected through a paper-pencil test in multiple choice formed, and analyzed by using Mann-Whytney U Test and N-Gain. The result of this study show that there was significant effect of the multimedia-tutorial toward student’s critical thinking skills. Furthermore, the experimental class obtained higher N-gain than the control class. The average of critical thinking skills N-Gain in experimental class was 0.55 and control class was 0.38. The finding of this study suggest that multimedia-tutorial is effective to improve of critical thinking skill in human nervous system.

Keywords:  Multimedia, tutorial, critical thinking skills, human nervous system.


Full Text:



Akpan, J. P. (2002). “Which Comes First: Computer Simulation of Dissection or a Traditional Laboratory Practical Method of Dissection”. Electronic Journal of Science Education, Vol. 6, No. 4.

Carin, A.A. 1997. Teaching Science Through Discovery 8th ed. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, inc.

Chiel, H. J. (1996). “Critical Thinking in a Neurobiology Course”. Bioscene. Volume 22(1): April 1996.

Chin, C. (2007). “Multimodality in Teaching and Learning Science”. Makalah kunci Seminar Internasional Pendidikan IPA ke-1 SPS UPI Bandung pada tanggal 27 Oktober 2007, Bandung.

Donnelly, R. & McSweeney, F. (2009). Applied E-Learning and E-Teaching in Higher Education. New York: Information Science Reference imprint IGI Global.

Ennis, R. H., (1985). Goal for a Critical Thinking Curriculum, Developing Minds: A Resource Book for Teaching Thinking. Virginia:ASDC.

Heinich, R., et al. (1985). Instructional Media and the New Technologies of Instruction, second edition. New York: John Wiley & Son.

Hoagland, B., (1997). “Integrating Information Technology into biology Courses”. Bioscene. Volume 23(1): May 1997.

Hutagalung, H., (2007). Pemanfaatan Multimedia untuk Meningkatkan Pemahaman konsep dan Keterampilan Generik Sains pada Konsep Keragaman Tingkat organisasi Kehidupan. Tesis Program Pascasarjana UPI Bandung: tidak diterbitkan.

Ibayati, Y. (2002). Analisis Strategi Mengajar pada Topik Sistem Saraf di SMU. Tesis Program Pascasarjana UPI Bandung: tidak diterbitkan.

Kurniati, T. (2001). Pembelajaran Pendekatan Keterampilan Proses Sains untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa. Tesis Program Pascasarjana UPI Bandung: tidak diterbitkan.

Lazarowitz, R. & Penso, S. (1992). “High School Students’ Difficulties in Learning Biology Concept”. Journal of Biological Education 26 (3), 215-223.

Lee, A. T., et al. (2002). “Using a Computer Simulation to Teach Science Process Skill to College Biology and Elementary Education Majors”. Bioscene. Volume 28(4) Desember 2002.

Liliasari (2007). “Scientific Concept And Generic Science Skill Relationship In The 21st Century Science Education”. Makalah kunci Seminar Internasional Pendidikan IPA ke-1 SPS UPI Bandung pada tanggal 27 Oktober 2007, Bandung.

McLaughlin, J., dan Arbeider, D. A., (2008). “Evaluating Multimedia-Learning Tools based on Authentic Research Data That Teach Biology Concepts and Environmental Stewardship”. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education. 8(1), 45-64.

Meltzer, D. E. (2002). “The Relationship Between Mathematics Preparation and Conceptual Learning Gains in Physic: A Possible ‘Hidden variable’ in Diagnostic Pretest Score”. American Journal of Physics [Online]. 70 (12). 1259-1268. Tersedia: [01 Juli 2009].

Michael, J. (2007). “What Makes Physiology hard for Students to Learn? Result of a Faculty Survey”. Advances in Physiology Education, Volume 31: 34-40.

Michael, J., et al. (2009). “The “Core Principle” of Physiology: What Should Students Understand?” Advances in Physiology Education, Volume 33: 10-16.

Michael, K. Y. (2001). “The Effect of a Computer Simulation Activity Versus a Hands-on Activity on Product creativity in Technology Education”. Dalam Journal of Technology Education, Volume 13 (1), 31-43.

Munir (2008). Kurikulum Berbasis Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Puspita, G. N. (2008). Penggunaan Multimedia Interaktif Pada Pembelajaran Konsep Reproduksi Hewan Untuk Meningkatkan Penguasaan Konsep, Keterampilan Generik, dan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Kelas IX. Tesis Magister pada SPs UPI: tidak diterbitkan.

Putri, S. U., (2007). Pembelajaran Konsep Bakteriologi dan Virologi Berbasis Teknologi Informasi untuk meningkatkan Keterampilan Generik mahasiswa. Tesis Program Pascasarjana UPI Bandung: tidak diterbitkan.

Russel, A. W., et al. (2004). “Photosynthesis In Silico. Overcoming the Challenges of Photosinthesis Education Using a Multimedia CD-ROM”. Beej. Volume 3: Mei 2004.

Salmiyati (2007). Implementasi Teknologi Multimedia Interaktif dalam Pembelajaran Konsep Saraf untuk Meningkatkkan Pemahaman dan Retensi Siswa. Tesis Program Pascasarjana UPI Bandung: tidak diterbitkan.

Sekarwinahyu, M., (2006). Pengaruh Pembelajaran Berbantuan Komputer (PBK) Interaktif terhadap Pemahaman dan retensi Mahasiswa pada Konsep Substansi Hereditas dan Sintesis Protein. Tesis Program Pascasarjana UPI Bandung: tidak diterbitkan.

Sukmana, R. W. (2008). Perbandingan Hasil Belajar Siswa dengan Menggunakan Multimedia Ilustrasi Statis dan Animasi pada Pembelajaran reproduksi Sel. Tesis Magister pada SPs UPI: tidak diterbitkan.

Suparno, P. (1997). Filsafat Konstruktivisme dalam Pendidikan. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

.................. (2001). Teori Perkembangan Kognitif jean Piaget. Yogyakarta: kanisius.

Tapilouw, F. S. (2007). "Analisis Pembelajaran Biologi Berbasis Multimedia Interaktif Pada Berbagai Jenjang Pendidikan". Proceeding Seminar Internasional Pendidikan IPA ke-1 SPS UPI, Bandung

Widhiyanti, T., (2007). Pembelajaran Berbasis Teknologi Informasi Untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Generik Sains Dan Berpikir Kritis Pada Topic Sifat Koligatif Larutan. Tesis Program Pascasarjana UPI Bandung: tidak diterbitkan.

Womble, M. D., (1999). “Anatomy and Computer: a New Twist to Teaching the Oldest Medical Course”. Dalam Bioscene. Volume 25(2) Agustus 1999.

DOI: 10.24235/sc.educatia.v2i1.529

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 894 times
PDF - 728 times


Scientiae Educatia: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains indexed by:


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a 
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Stat Counter (Link)